Can an agency order an employee to take a drug test?
Under the Mandatory Guidelines for Federal Workplace Drug Testing Programs there are six drug testing situations:

• random testing, including unannounced testing of employees in positions designated because of safety or security-sensitive issues;
• applicant testing, normally for positions requiring random testing;
• reasonable suspicion testing, when performance or conduct problems and unusual behavior suggest that drugs may be involved;
• post-accident testing, after a serious accident;
• follow-up testing, for those who have already tested positive or otherwise identified themselves as drug users; and,
• voluntary testing for those willing to be included in the random testing pool.

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